Cycling tips: Essential Riding Techniques for Beginners

1: Posture

Making your upper body lower and slightly tilting head forward, bending arms naturally for the convenience of lowering your body gravity, at the same time preventing impact on your whole body caused by car bump. Both hands grips handlebar powerfully and sit stably on the saddle


There are three methods of cycling, freestyle, toe-down and heel-down.

  • Freestyle pedaling

At present, some elite athletes mostly adopt freestyle pedaling. This pedaling method, is the foot in the process of rotating for a week, the ankle angle also changes depending on the part . Freestyle pedaling is in line with the principle of mechanics, the direction of force and the rotation of the feet is formed by the circular tangent, reducing the movement range of knee and thigh , which is conducive to improving the frequency of pedaling, , reducing the dead point naturally through the critical area. Thigh muscles can also be relatively relaxed. But this method of pedaling is more difficult to master for beginners.

  • Toe-to-toe step-down

Its pedaling feature is the toes are always down during the whole pedal rotation process, ankle activity range is small during rotation process, which benefits to increasing frequency, and is easy to grasp the bike handlebar, while the leg muscles are always in a tense state, definitely it is not conducive to natural passage through the critical area.

  • Heel-down pedaling

Heel-to-bottom pedaling method is slightly up the toe and keep the heel down 8 to 15 degrees, this method is rarely used in normal cycling but only few people adjust to this pedaling when experiencing excessive sexual adjustment force in the course of riding. It is characterized to change the state of force by muscles in a short period of time, get a short rest to restore muscle from fatigue condition.

3. Bike uphill tips

  •  Uphill cycling Technology

Uphill riding is used to maintain normal pedaling action and not suddenly force. In general, it is not appropriate to use stand-up or pull-up cycling methods, otherwise it will consume too much physical strength. Cyclist should make full use of the inertial principle of object motion when encountering short slope, which is easy for pedaling and a fast speed to the top of the slope can use standing riding, the speed will be improved as far as possible, the downhill will add acceleration to create favorable conditions.  cyclist can provide timely adjustment of the transmission ratio according to their physical condition while encountering a long uphill , do not wait until the riding and speed completely down to change the transmission ratio, to resolutely avoid the phenomenon of re-starting. When the slope is long or steep, the standing cycling method can be used alternately to adjust the force area, so that some of your muscles can get rest.

  • Downhill cycling technology

If cyclist want the downhill riding to achieve the desired effect, they must be brave wit, bold, concentrated-two eyes closely watching the road ahead, and ready to deal decisively with any situation on the road surface; When turning, the body and the car should be consistent, tilted inward, the upper body and the car is used to maintain a straight line to overcome centrifugal forces. The tilt angle depends on the speed and the size of the bend, but generally no more than 28 degrees, otherwise there will be a risk of slipping. Control the speed before turning with the method of point gate gradually slowing down and brake as far as possible, the front gate can be used at the same time, the front gate can be slightly ahead, use the front gate, the direction of the front wheel and the direction of the car forward is consistent, otherwise, car inertia is limited caused by wrestling due to the cyclist's weight. Release the gate after entering the corner to avoid unnecessary deceleration. Do not use the rear gate too much or it will bend. Otherwise the car may turn around or slip.

4. Braking skills

  •  Move the center of gravity backward when using the front brakes

When you use the front brake, your center of gravity moves forward naturally because of inertia, and you have to practice consciously moving your center of gravity backwards (lower body, buttocks back) when you start braking. The more the center of gravity moves back, the more braking force you can use. You can practice in the sand or on a somewhat slippery flat ground, speed up and use different force paths to press down your front and rear brakes,  learning how to control your brakes. Or ask the masters how they uses the brakes while riding.

  • Reduce the power of the front brake when turning

Like driving a car, you have to slow down when you turn. If you push your brakes hard during a turn, you will slip sideways and lose control. Use both your front and rear brakes to slow you down when cornering. While braking, your front wheels have a less reactivity, if you're on a sharp downhill turn, use the force of the rear brakes when you need to use the brakes. If on flat ground, lower the center of gravity back with the combination of  70% braking force behind and 30% of the front at the last minute which achieves a braking.

  • Don't over-press the front brake

"Inertia is your friend" and you need speed to get through rocks and obstacles, otherwise the wheels will stop turning and throw you over the handle. Excessive pressure on the front brake will move your center of gravity forward and make the head down. If you use the front brake in a steep downhill turn, you must control both your front and rear brakes, it is suggested not to  press them too hard, so you can make a push and click on the brakes to prevent the brakes from locking.